Useful for quotes as well as an image. Born into slavery in Mississippi, Wells had moved to Memphis in 1883 to further her teaching career, working to support herself and her siblings after her parents died in a… 1893-1894: Travels to Europe, speaking about lynching in the American South. She was the eldest of eight children. A red record. Primary Sources. Primary Source Spotlight: Ida B. Wells-Barnett penned this petition to President William McKinley to urge punishment of those responsible for shooting." Some students may believe that Wells risked her life because as an African-American woman she felt a moral duty to fight against View a short video about her work to guarantee access to the vote. 3. Click the title for location and availability information. Wells, Ida B. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 Ida B. When she refused, she was removed from the train and sued the railroad company in 1884. Guide to the Ida B. She did much to expose the epidemic of lynching in the United States and her writing and research exploded many of the justifications—particularly the rape of white women by black men—commonly offered to justify the practice. Wells by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Wells was an African American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. Wells attended Rust College in Holly Springs until 1878, when a yellow fever epidemic killed her parents and one of her six siblings. In short, primary sources serve as the raw material to interpret the past, and when they are used along with previous interpretations by historians, they provide the resources necessary for historical research. While a number of African American intellectuals divided their publications … Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "A Red Record" Here's an essay written by Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1895. She mobilized public opinion against lynching through her newspaper editorials, pamphlets, clubs, and lecture tours in the northern United States and Great Britain. A former school teacher, she is remembered for her work in both civil and women’s rights. It explains how the Association's influence spread and the motivation and importance behind their focus on educating southern white women. Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. ". As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. G.B. In 1881, she… Wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862. Wells Excerpt, Primary Source, African American Christianity, Pt. Wells: The Red Record (1895) ... Primary Source Readers. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Wells - Illinois during the Guilded Age. Wells worked tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. Wells. As a consequence their vote is entirely nullified throughout the entire South. Through the accounts of two major Georgia newspapers and her own commentary, Wells-Barnett shed light on the lynchings of 12 African Americans over a six-week period. Combine these these terms with the event or person you are researching. Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) was an educator and journalist who began her civil rights activism in response to racist incidents she experienced in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1889, Wells became co-owner and editor of The Free Speech and Headlight newspaper, which she used to speak out against racial injustice. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Wells began writing her autobiography, Crusade for Justice (1928), but never finished the book; it would be posthumously published, edited by her daughter Alfreda Barnett Duster, in 1970, as Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. She was dismissed, in 1891, for her outspoken criticism of segregated schools. Wells was enslaved from her birth on July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Wells in June of 1895. Wells. PRIMARY SOURCE “Lynching and the Excuse for It” 1. In 1883, Ida B. II: From the Civil War to the Great Migration, 1865-1920, The Nineteenth Century, Divining America: Religion in American … Jim Crow primary sources and historical documents for Jim Crow. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. This collection uses primary sources to explore Ida B. MEMPHIS, Tenn. — Plans are moving full steam ahead for a new statue on Beale Street honoring renowned journalist and civil rights pioneer Ida B. While not all white Americans participated, many did and many more supported the acts. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 by Ida B. Wells, newspaper articles related to Ida B. Ida B. Wells-Barnett Southern Horrors 4 THE OFFENSE Wednesday evening May 24, 1892, the city of Memphis was filled with excitement. "The Ida B. After emancipation, her father became active in the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, during the Reconstruction period in Off campus access instructions (for e-books) Crusade for Justice; The Autobiography of Ida B. Ida B. (example: civil war diary). According to Wells, 2,000 men, women, and children were lynched from 1885 to 1900. At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. 1892. Wells. Alpha Suffrage Club. 1895. and Mob rule in New Orleans. Wells Woman’s Club, and secondary materials and photographs. Click the arrows next to each theme to reveal the individual resource sets. November 5th, 1893 published 1894. Ed. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862–1931)—fiery journalist, women’s rights activist, and civil rights militant—is best known for her anti-lynching crusade. Primary Sources Wells-Barnett, Ida B., and Alfreda Duster. Wells in June of 1895. 1895: Publishes A Red Record, a detailed account of lynching … Wells, Ida B Contributor Names Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931 Created / Published ... For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources. Illinois Women Feature Parade. Wells was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862, six months before the Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to her slave parents. Her dismissal from the Memphi… Mills W. Shepherd letter and newspaper clippings related to lynching October 31, 1894. Menu. tion for Ida B. Wells’s life work as a teacher, journalist, anti-lynch - ing activist, community organizer, and woman suffragist. Wells, Lynch law in Georgia by Ida B. Wells-Barnett June 20, 1899 pamphlet, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau Ida B. Wells-Barnett, chairman, Ida B. Following the end of the Civil War , her father, who as an enslaved person had been the carpenter on a plantation, was active in Reconstruction period politics in Mississippi. Content created and featured in partnership with the TPS program does not Wells Papers (Univ. From the Library of Congress: “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. Wells, an anti-lynching activist in the United States, was born the eldest of eight children to slave parents. Wells Papers consists of six linear feet of original manuscripts, correspondence, newspaper and journal articles written and compiled by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. indicate an endorsement by the Library of Congress. Love, D.D. March 8, 2016 by PSN Leave a Comment. Determined to keep her family together, Wells began teaching in surrounding areas. Wells. As the leader of the national anti-lynching movement, Wells-Barnett joined a group of Illinois congressmen who visited the White House in March, 1898, to protest the murder of the newly-appointed Lake City, South Carolina Postmaster Baker, who was black. "The rising tide of lynchings of African Americans across the South launched a national anti-lynching crusade, led by Memphis, Tennessee, newspaper editor Ida Wells-Barnett, an outspoken advocate for the area’s African-American citizens. Ida B. Wells-Barnett traveled to Washington, D.C. with the Illinois delegation and fully expected to march with them. “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. Northern Illinois University's Digital archives provide access to some of Wells' writings as well as other information. Click the title for location and availability information. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "Lynch Law in America" (1900) After slavery was abolished, lynching was used as a tool by white Americans to retain racial control, especially in the South. Citizen U Multidisciplinary Civics Lessons, Guided Primary Source Analysis Activities, A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau, Topics in Chronicling America: Ida B. These are the canonical works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett that have received the most scholarly attention. Some time between 1882 and 1883 Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to teach in city schools. Ida B. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "abfd7f9a51634df9569021ae4d565bb0" );document.getElementById("c2406eab0d").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Primary Source: Ida B. Wells-Barnett, “Lynch Law in America” (1900) Ida B. Wells-Barnett, born a slave in Mississippi, was a pioneering activist and journalist. Author: Latoya Farrell. Log In. Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Ida B. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. Ida B. Wells works for several newspapers, writing especially about racial discrimination and lynching in the South. Editorials in the daily papers of that date caused a meeting to be held in the Cotton Exchange Building; a committee was sent for the editors of the Free Speech an Afro-American journal published in Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Also search by subject for specific people and events, then scan the titles for those keywords or others such as memoirs, autobiography, report, or personal narratives. Wells, but mainly focuses on the progress of Jessie Daniel Ames and The Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching. 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