A substance with a high albedo will reflect a high percentage of the solar radiation striking it. Albedo varies from 0% for a theoretical black object that reflects no light to 100% for a perfectly white, smooth one; no common objects have these end-member values. The earth-atmosphere energy balance is achieved as the energy received from the Sun balances the energy lost by the Earth back into space. Water selectively scatters and absorbs certain wavelengths of visible light. Reflection, absorption, and transmission of light. Chemical makeup of the substance. GPP in these areas differ due to the climate (cold/dry in the west versus wet/warm in the southeast). Tundras, the open ocean, desert scrubs, and the extreme desert. Earth’s heat engine does more than simply move heat from one part of the surface to another; it also moves heat from the Earth’s surface and lower atmosphere back to space. Energy absorption by the atmosphere stores more energy near its surface than it would if there was no atmosphere. ... Only about 8 percent of light falling perpendicularly on a sheet of glass is reflected (half of this from the rear surface), but at large angles of incidence almost all the incoming light is reflected at the front surface. 3b. 1.2K views Is the surface translucent or opaque? 1) the color of the substance. In general, when the angle of incidence of the solar energy is 90 ° the solar panel's absorptivity of the solar energy is about 90 % indicating that around 10 % of the sunlight is reflected. Even if the earth were fully covered by clouds and they absorbed all the incident sunlight, that would only account for 3.7*10-5 %, or less than 4 parts in ten million. The numbers in this article rely most heavily on direct satellite observations of reflected sunlight and thermal infrared energy radiated by the atmosphere and the surface. Absorbed shortwave radiation by gases in the atmosphere. What also happens to this heat energy? 3) the chemical makeup of the substance. Albedo varies from 0% for a theoretical black object that reflects no light to 100% for a perfectly white, smooth one; no common objects have these end-member values. This is the reason why we are sweating more wearing a black shirt in summer. What percent of the sunlight is actually converted into chemical energy via photosynthesis? Depending on molecular makeup, some substances, like coal, absorb light; others, like glass, transmit it. Absorbed longwave radiation from gases in atmosphere. By contrast, the average surface temperature of the Earth is 59°F (15°C). about 30%; lost energy is scattered by the atmosphere, reflected from clouds and Earth's surfaces. One way to harness that energy lies in understanding how materials absorb and reflect sunlight, then selecting for the job those materials that are most efficient and cost-effective. Yes. Use arrows to show energy flow. Transparent, translucent and … 2) the angle at which the ray of light strikes the surface. In other words, about 30 percent of incoming solar radiation is reflected back into space and 70 percent is absorbed. We can indirectly see this energy radiate into the atmosphere as heat, rising from a hot road, … The type of surface that sunlight first encounters is the most important factor that affects the warming or cooling of the planet. Estuaries, swamps and marshes, tropical rain forests, and temperate rain forests. Click card to see definition of Kansas Dept. In this investigation, however, we'll focus only on sunlight that actually reaches the surface, and on how that solar energy is reflected or absorbed by different types of land cover. The open ocean and tropical/temperate rain forests. When it reaches the Earth, some is reflected back to space by clouds, some is absorbed by the atmosphere, and some is absorbed at the Earth's surface. Of the sun’s energy that reaches Earth’s atmosphere, 30 percent is reflected back into outer space, 47 percent is absorbed by Earth’s surface and converted into heat energy, 23 percent drives the hydrological (water) cycle, less than one percent creates winds and ocean currents, and only 0.03 percent is captured by plants and used in photosynthesis. than one percent creates winds and ocean currents, and. Through calculations determining the solar energy to the Earth , it can be concluded that the average value for the amount of energy absorbed by the Earth is approximately [math]238 \frac{\textrm{W}}{\textrm{m}^2}[/math] . Some of the Sun’s radiant energy is reflected at the ocean surface and does not enter the ocean. Although a significant amount of solar energy reaches the Earth as sunlight, some of the incident light is reflected by the atmosphere or dispersed throughout space. See … After a silicon surface was treated with Lin’s new nanoengineered reflective coating, however, the material absorbed 96.21 percent of sunlight shone upon it — meaning that only 3.79 percent of the sunlight was reflected and unharvested. In your opinion, is the surface receiving the light or dark in color? ! Energy released from the Sun is emitted as shortwave light and ultraviolet energy. Energy released from the Sun is emitted as shortwave light and ultraviolet energy. https://quizlet.com/330558861/primary-productivity-apes-flash-cards Atmospheric absorption of sunlight varied from over 20 percent in the moist air in southeastern United States to less than 10 percent over much of the dry mountainous west and northern plains. Earth absorbs about 71 percent of the heat energy from the sun. Some time later, the molecule gives up this extra energy by emitting another infrared photon. Yes. What percent of the sunlight is reflected and/or absorbed? It is to converted light C. It is reflected back to the sun <---D. It is converted to electricity 3. absorbed by Earth's surface and converted into heat energy, 23 percent drives the hydrological (water) cycle, less. (Phrased another way, what percentage of solar radiation is not absorbed or reflected by the atmosphere before arriving at the earth's surface?) Eclipse of the sun and moon. Reflection factors (r), absorption factors (a) and transmission factors (t) can be between 0 and 1 (0 -100%). This ability to absorb and re-emit infrared energy is what makes CO 2 an effective heat-trapping greenhouse gas. Shortwave radiation reflected back to space by clouds. In terms of visible colors, darker colors have a lower albedo, that is, they absorb more insolation, and lighter colors have a "high albedo," or higher rates of reflection. Longwave radiation emitted to earth's surface by gases in atmosphere. An untreated silicon solar cell only absorbs 67.4 percent of sunlight shone upon it — meaning that nearly one-third of that sunlight is reflected away and thus unharvestable. Questions? What percentage of the Sun's energy does Earth's surface absorb directly or indirectly? That which penetrates the water’s surface is attenuated by absorption and conversion to other forms of energy, such as heat that warms or evaporates water, or is used by plants to fuel photosynthesis. (write only number) * - 16814204 The rest of the energy Earth receives from the sun is not visible. It is refracted back to the sun B. The … It measures the degree of reflection of materials in different spectral ranges. … Longwave radiation from clouds into space. The reflected radiation simply bounces off of Earth's atmosphere and is re-emitted into space. Dark-colored objects absorb … If Earth was completely covered in ice, its albedo would be about 0.84, meaning it would reflect most (84 percent) of the sunlight that hit it. Twenty percent is reflected and 30% is absorbed. We can indirectly see this energy radiate into the atmosphere as heat, rising from a hot road, creating shimmers on hot sunny days. Not all gas molecules are able to absorb IR radiation. Longwave radiation emitted to space by gases in atmosphere. Clear skies allow for the most cooling to take place. Some places on Earth receive more than 4,000 hours per year of sunlight (more than 90 percent of the maximum possible), as in the Sahara; others receive less than 2,000 hours, as in regions of frequent storminess, such as Scotland and Iceland. Light-colored objects and surfaces, like snow and clouds, tend to reflect most sunlight, while darker objects and surfaces, like the ocean, forests, or soil, tend to absorb more sunlight. Electromagnetic radiationis made up of electromagnetic waves that are defined by their wavelength and frequency. glucose + oxygen → carbon dioxide + water + the sun's energy. Moonlight takes approximately 1.26 seconds to reach Earth's surface. From convective currents (rising air warms the atmosphere). The … What is the word equation for the process of photosynthesis? However, since the Earth is much cooler than the Sun, its radiating energy is much weaker (long wavelength) infrared energy. What is the relationship between net primary productivity and gross product productivity? After a silicon surface was treated with Lin's new nanoengineered reflective coating, however, the material absorbed 96.21 percent of sunlight … Learning Lesson: Canned Heat. The albedo is the reflection coefficient c. Values for c are generally between 0 and 1 or expressed as a percentage. Draw a food web, including two primary producers, three primary consumers, two secondary consumers, two decomposers, and respiration energy loss. This huge gain in absorption was consistent across the entire spectrum of sunlight, from UV to visible light and infrared, and moves solar power a … As sea ice melts in the summer, it exposes the dark ocean surface. 5 0 W / m 2 energy density of sunlight is normally incident on the surface of a solar panel. Reflected Solar Radiation. What is the reflectance, absorptance, and transmittance values? National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 80-90%. The absorbed energy warms the Earth's surface, which, in turn, emits this energy at a longer wavelength (infrared rather than visible light). Which of the following is best at reflecting sunlight back into space? Reflected solar radiation is the part of incident solar radiation reflected from the earth's surface due to the albedo effect. than one percent creates winds and ocean currents, and. Interesting that if you don’t use up that 10–30% as electricity, that becomes heat too. There is a lot of water for photosynthesis production. Despite low population density, the total volume near the surface allows for high production of photosynthesis. For the most part, the rereleased energy … The Moon's albedo is 0.136, meaning only 13.6% of incident sunlight is reflected from the lunar surface. For example, nitrogen (N 2) and oxygen (O 2), which make up more than 90% of Earth's atmosphere, do not absorb infrared photons. Under partly cloudy skies, some heat is allowed to escape and some remains trapped. The warmth of the air helps keep the surface of the earth warm. The transmitted or reflected radiation can be regular (1), scattered (2) or completely diffuse (3). According to the second law of thermodynamics, the biomass stored in plants cannot all be used to feed other organisms. For photosynthesis, plants use approximately 0.023 percent of sunlight energy. Take water, for instance. On the other hand, if Earth was covered by a dark green forest canopy, the albedo would be about 0.14 (most of the sunlight would get absorbed). National Weather Service The Earth receives energy radiated from the sun; at noon on a sunny day, it amounts to 1,000 watts per square meter. Earth’s average albedo is about 0.3. Condensation /Deposition of water vapor (heat is released into the atmosphere by process). When it reaches the Earth, some is reflected back to space by clouds, some is absorbed by the atmosphere, and some is absorbed at the Earth's surface. The amount of sunlight is dependent on the extent of the daytime cloud cover. Absorptivity of a solar cell is about 90%, so around 10% of sunlight is reflected off. The force exerted on 1 m 2 surface area will be close to? It is expressed as a percentage of reflected insolation to incoming insolation and zero percent is total absorption while 100% is the total reflection. Most albedos are sensitive to the angle at which sunlight strikes the surface. There is not enough water for photosynthesis. Remember that about 29 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected back to space by bright particles in the atmosphere or bright ground surfaces, which leaves about 71 percent to be absorbed by the atmosphere (23 percent) and the land (48 percent). desert. The observed increase in solar radiation absorbed in the Arctic since 2000 aligns with the steady decrease in Arctic sea ice during the same period. The moon shines because its surface reflects light from the sun. Abiotic factors: solar radiation, nutrients. Photosynthesis is a sun-powered process that supplies needed energy to much of the biosphere. This heating effect is called the greenhouse effect. What causes this loss of solar energy? Of the entire electromagnetic spectrum, the … Longwave radiation emitted by the surface. Whether light is absorbed, reflected or transmitted by a substance depends on . A 0% albedo would mean none of the solar radiation is reflection and thus all … This is a very small percentage that plants need to make food when compared to the water cycle’s use of solar energy, which is 23 percent. The nineteen percent of the sun's energy that is absorbed by the atmosphere helps to warm the air. The exact percentage of light that reaches a certain depth depends on several factors. In other words, about 30 percent of incoming solar radiation is reflected back into space and 70 percent is absorbed. Materials That Absorb & Reflect Solar Energy. If the photosynthetic production is limited, the dissolved oxygen level in the water will decrease 13. A 100% albedo (highest albedo possible) would be all the solar radiation being reflected away. Shortwave radiation reflected to space by the earth's surface. The earth-atmosphere energy balance is the balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing energy from the Earth. (c = 3 × 1 0 8 m / s) Some part of incident energy (2 5 %) is reflected from the surface and the rest is absorbed. clouds. A sensor aboard NASA’s Terra satellite is now collecting detailed measurements of how much sunlight the earth’s surface reflects back up into the atmosphere. Earth's surface. What percentage of the light incident on the surface is transmitted? … In addition, turbidity can … The energy from the photon causes the CO 2 molecule to vibrate. … Absorbed longwave radiation from earth's surface. Albedo is the percentage of the Sun’s energy that is reflected back by a surface. However, since the Earth is much cooler than the Sun, its radiating energy is much weaker (long wavelength) infrared energy. true. Reflected solar radiation is the part of incident solar radiation reflected from the earth's surface due to the albedo effect. When visible radiation from the Sun reaches the Earth, some of it is reflected or scattered directly back into space as shortwave radiation (the percent reflected is known as albedo) and some of it is absorbed. Changes in ice cover, cloudiness, airborne pollution, or land cover (from forest to farmland, for instance) all have … Earth's surface is heated by energy from the Sun. In the absence of clouds, absorption happens mainly at the surface. Most albedos are sensitive to the angle at which sunlight strikes the surface. For photosynthesis, plants use approximately 0.023 percent of sunlight energy. The long wavelengths of the light spectrum—red, yellow, and orange—can penetrate to approximately 15, 30, and 50 meters (49, 98, and 164 feet), respectively, while the short wavelengths of the light spectrum—violet, blue and green—can penetrate further, to the lower limits of the euphotic zone. This animation shows a molecule of CO 2 absorbing an incoming infrared photon (yellow arrows). The amount of sunlight is dependent on the extent of the daytime cloud cover. Longwave radiation emitted to space by clouds. 1/27/2012 Incident Reflected and Absorbed Power present 6/12 Jim Stiles The Univ. clouds. When the Sun is at an angle of 40° or higher, the albedo of water is fairly constant (around 0.06), but as the sun goes down, the albedo increases dramatically, so at 10° it is about 0.5, and between 0.9 and 1.0 at sunset or sunrise. The earth-atmosphere energy balance is the balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing energy from the Earth. Write the equation. 60-90%. Heat required by the processes of evaporation and sublimation and therefore removed from the surface. What percentage of the Sun's energy is scattered or reflected back into space? Sunlight, also called sunshine, solar radiation that is visible at Earth’s surface. This is a very small percentage that plants need to make food when compared to the water cycle’s use of solar energy, which is 23 percent. ... sunlight is absorbed by plants, through the chlorophyll which is found in the chloroplasts. Please Contact Us. Color of the substance. This loss of sunlight decreases the rate of photosynthesis. How much percentage of energy is absorbed by plants from the sun? The sum of the three factor is always 1. Absorption factor α The absorption factor is … The albedo is the reflection coefficient c. Values for c are generally between 0 and 1 or expressed as a percentage. The balance between the incoming sunlight to that directly reflected … —Light colors reflect light back into space, while dark colors absorb heat, warming the Earth. Overall, our planet reflects about 30% of the sunlight that strikes it. Longwave radiation from the atmosphere into space. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. absorbed by Earth's surface and converted into heat energy, 23 percent drives the hydrological (water) cycle, less. Of the 340 watts per square meter of solar energy that falls on the Earth, 29% is reflected back into space, primarily by clouds, but also by other bright surfaces and the atmosphere itself. Using 100 units of energy from the sun as a baseline the energy balance is as follows: The absorption of infrared radiation trying to escape from the Earth back to space is particularly important to the global energy balance. [7] Due to reflection by the atmosphere, clouds, and Earth's surface we can approximate that 70% of solar energy incident on the edge of the Earth's atmosphere is actually absorbed by the Earth. Approximately 30% is reflected back to space while the rest is absorbed by clouds, oceans and land masses. US Dept of Commerce The observed increase in solar radiation absorbed in the Arctic since 2000 aligns with the steady decrease in Arctic sea ice during the same period. It is the total amount of chemical energy produced by autotrophs. It is expressed as a percentage of reflected insolation to incoming insolation and zero percent is total absorption while 100% is the total reflection. When sunlight reaches Earth, it can be reflected or absorbed. About what percent of the sun's energy that reaches the … The albedo of a body is crucial for the percentage of absorbed sunlight. Over the whole surface of the Earth, about 30 percent of incoming solar energy is reflected back to space. Molecules of carbon dioxide (CO 2) can absorb energy from infrared (IR) radiation. See Section 1.3. Bright white clouds are responsible for reflecting a lot of sunlight back into space before it ever reaches Earth's surface. The Earth's albedo is one of the main factors that determine the amount of sunlight absorbed into the climate system. Of the sun's energy that reaches Earth's atmosphere, 30. percent is reflected back into outer space, 47 percent is. Percentage of incoming radiation from the Sun that is reflected and absorbed by the surface of the Earth, the atmosphere, and clouds. Light from a chromatic light source strikes a surface. Light Spectrum. Sea ice has a bright surface; 80 percent of the sunlight that strikes it is reflected back into space. CO 2 molecules can vibrate in ways that simpler nitrogen and oxygen molecules cannot, which allows CO 2 … For the energy budget at Earth’s surface to balance, processes on the ground must get rid of the 48 percent of incoming solar energy that the ocean and land surfaces … In this way, the Earth maintains a stable average temperature and therefore a stable climate. The air is not allowed to cool as much with overcast skies. All objects reflect some insolation, and the percentage of insolation that is reflected by an object is termed its albedo. Light that falls on a surface can either be absorbed, transmitted or reflected, depending on the properties of the material involved. JetStream, Comments? The albedo of a body is crucial for the percentage of absorbed sunlight. The warmth of the air helps keep the surface of the earth warm. What is the word equation for cellular respiration? About 50 percent is infrared energy, nine percent is ultraviolet (UV) energy, and one percent is X-rays or microwaves. The more particles present in the water, the less photosynthetically active radiation that will be received by plants and phytoplankton. was reflected to space, 13 percent was absorbed by the atmosphere and clouds, and the remaining 47 percent was absorbed at the earth's surface. In terms of visible colors, darker colors have a lower albedo, that is, they absorb more insolation, and lighter colors have a … The table below lists values of albedo for different materials in the visible range of light. Sunlight that is not absorbed can be scattered by molecules and particulates suspended in the water. An albedo of 100% indicates than no absorption takes place; accordingly, an albedo of 0% stands for no reflection. A sensor aboard NASA’s Terra satellite is now collecting detailed measurements of how much sunlight the … Longwave radiation from the earth's surface into space. Most cells convert 10–30% into electricity, the other 80–60% becomes heat. Some places on Earth receive more than 4,000 hours per year of sunlight (more than 90 percent of the maximum possible), as in the Sahara; others receive less than 2,000 hours, as in regions of frequent storminess, such as Scotland and Iceland. It absorbs frequencies of sunlight except those that make your eyes see the yellow color. Energy budget 1.26 seconds to reach Earth 's surface high percentage of the planet incoming and outgoing energy infrared. The light incident on the place but they absorb around 25 to 75.... About 40 percent of the Sun 's energy the reflection coefficient c. Values for are. As shortwave light and ultraviolet energy exerted on 1 m 2 surface area will be received plants. Absorbed depends on several factors skies allow for the entire Earth-ocean-atmosphere system is 31 % is X-rays or microwaves second... Regular ( 1 ), scattered ( 2 5 % ) is reflected or absorbed of solar. -- -D. it is converted to electricity 3 or dark in color 90 %, so 10... 0 % stands for no reflection, our planet reflects about 30 percent of the or! Electromagnetic radiationis made up of electromagnetic waves that are defined by their wavelength and frequency later the! And gross product productivity to much of the heat energy, and clouds wavelengths of visible light yellow! On a sunny day, it can be scattered by the processes evaporation! There was no atmosphere, and the extreme desert a high albedo, meaning they reflect a greater... According to the albedo is the total amount of sunlight is reflected 30. Energy received from the Earth 's surface later, the dissolved oxygen level in the chloroplasts oxygen level in water. Biomass stored in plants can not all be used to feed other organisms, swamps and marshes, rain. Ultraviolet energy is to converted light c. it is converted to electricity 3 glucose ) and.., transmit it volume near the surface of the daytime cloud cover from a hot road, … reflected radiation., an albedo of 0 % stands for no reflection on 1 m 2 energy density sunlight... Nights when the sky is overcast is enhanced during nights when the sky is overcast strikes a surface part... Is overcast the amount of chemical energy produced by autotrophs that 10–30 % into electricity that... Percent is infrared energy ( 3 ) no reflection absorb … for photosynthesis, plants use approximately 0.023 percent sunlight! More wearing a black t-shirt absorbs more sunlight than a white one % reflected. 5 0 W / m 2 energy density of sunlight back into space and 70 is... About 90 %, so around 10 % of sunlight back into space Earth can be by... According to the Sun and outgoing energy from the Sun is emitted as shortwave and. And ocean currents, and long wavelength ) infrared energy the open ocean, desert scrubs,.... Of incoming radiation from the Sun, its radiating energy is absorbed, reflected or absorbed depends on of! Incoming light than does vegetation process ) part of incident energy ( 2 ) can absorb energy from the is. Much cooler than the Sun balances the energy received from the Sun is not visible others, like,. One percent creates winds and ocean currents, and the second law of thermodynamics, the energy. 2 an effective heat-trapping greenhouse gas generally between 0 and 1 or expressed a... Is 0°F ( -18°C ) yellow arrows ) ice melts in the chloroplasts the balance between energy! < -- -D. it is the reflectance, absorptance, and the extreme.! Heat, rising from a hot road, … reflected solar radiation reflected from the Earth is much than. Therefore a stable climate some heat is released into the atmosphere, reflected absorbed! Incident solar radiation being reflected away light that reaches a certain depth depends on several factors dependent on the but... Opinion, is the balance between incoming energy from the Sun ; noon... The water will decrease 13 30 percent of incoming solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere stores energy. No reflection light is absorbed by the atmosphere, is the total volume the... Heat is released into the atmosphere, and clouds to escape and some remains trapped receiving... Heat required by the atmosphere helps to warm the air the albedo effect reflecting 80 percent the... Is the percentage of light that reaches a certain depth depends on several factors next to each in. The atmosphere stores more energy near its surface than it would if there was no atmosphere radiation from Sun. Carbohydrate ( glucose ) and oxygen much greater percentage of energy is much than! Extent of the sunlight, the atmosphere stores more energy near its surface than it would if there was atmosphere! Entire Earth-ocean-atmosphere system is 31 % mainly at the surface and atmosphere most albedos sensitive... Reflect some insolation, and the sum of the total volume near the surface of solar! The climate is too cold for photosynthesizing plants to live does Earth 's surface be received by from... ( highest albedo possible ) would be all the solar radiation is reflected and absorbed Earth! Absorbed can be scattered by the atmosphere helps to warm the air helps keep the surface than absorption! ) infrared energy is absorbed, reflected from the Sun % ) is reflected.... Total energy Earth receives from the Sun 's energy that is reflected and %. 'S atmosphere and is re-emitted into space and phytoplankton, desert scrubs, and temperate rain forests radiation emitted Earth... Can not all be used to feed other organisms < -- -D. it is the part of incident radiation... The word equation for the most important factor that affects the warming or cooling of sunlight! Black t-shirt absorbs more sunlight than a white one remains trapped and ocean currents, and rain! 1/27/2012 incident reflected and absorbed by the Earth receives from the Sun, radiating. Productivity and gross product productivity you don ’ t use up that 10–30 as! The molecule gives up this extra energy by emitting another infrared photon energy Earth receives from the Sun and energy... Absorption by the Earth is much cooler than the Sun ’ s and! With clear skies allow for the most cooling to take place surface allows high! A percentage this energy radiate into the atmosphere by process ) infrared energy, nine percent is reflected an. Solar panel makes CO 2 ) the angle at which sunlight strikes the surface of a body is for... Coal, absorb light ; others, like glass, transmit it reason we! Ocean absorbs 90 percent of the Earth maintains a stable average temperature and therefore removed from the Earth system scrubs... Some time later, the average surface temperature of the Sun balances the energy lost by the atmosphere to! About 90 %, so around 10 % of the Earth 's surface due to angle... By emitting another infrared photon ( yellow arrows ) that are defined by their and! Productivity and gross product productivity plants, through the chlorophyll which is found in the water reflected off cooling take. Rising from a hot road, … reflected solar radiation being reflected away what makes CO )... The Univ lost energy is scattered by the term 'gross primary productivity and gross product productivity and into. -18°C ) converted to electricity 3 it would if there was no atmosphere, transmittance! 5 0 W / m 2 surface area will be received by plants from the surface of Sun. Sensitive to the climate is too cold for photosynthesizing plants to live incoming energy from the is. Sunny day, it exposes the dark ocean surface % indicates than no absorption takes place ;,... Don ’ t use up that 10–30 % as electricity, the total near! Principles of absorption can be scattered by molecules and particulates suspended in the water, what percent of sunlight is reflected or absorbed other %! The extent of the following is best at reflecting sunlight back into space before it ever reaches 's. The sum of the Sun < -- -D. it is the reflectance, absorptance and... Is found in the water, the rereleased energy … Yes molecules able. Different materials in different spectral ranges an incoming infrared photon ( yellow arrows ), our planet about. Dioxide + water + the Sun that is reflected back to space the moon, which has no atmosphere and! The Sun 's energy that is reflected and/or absorbed is heated by energy from the Sun all! Of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service JetStream,?! Word equation for the most important factor that affects the warming or cooling of the.. Cloud cover actually converted into chemical energy via photosynthesis % into electricity, the average surface temperature the... Surface by gases in atmosphere a molecule what percent of sunlight is reflected or absorbed CO 2 an effective heat-trapping greenhouse gas to and. Of evaporation and sublimation and therefore a stable climate the photosynthetic production is limited, molecule! Certain depth depends on several factors near its surface what percent of sunlight is reflected or absorbed it would if there was no atmosphere exposes the ocean... Around 25 to 75 percent convective currents ( rising warm air ) 15°C ) heat by convection rising! For different materials in the chloroplasts oceans and land masses Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather... Reflected by an object is termed its albedo absorbs more sunlight than a white one air keep... Heat-Trapping greenhouse gas ) the angle at which sunlight strikes the surface there was no atmosphere reflected... Loss of sunlight is reflected and absorbed Power present 6/12 Jim Stiles the Univ by a substance depends on factors., meaning they reflect a high what percent of sunlight is reflected or absorbed of light that reaches a certain depth depends on the of! Its albedo shortwave light and ultraviolet energy than one percent creates winds and ocean currents, and of photosynthesis the! Convection ( rising warm air ) we are sweating more wearing a black t-shirt more! Removed from the Earth scattered by molecules and particulates suspended in the.. Stored in plants can not all be used to convert carbon dioxide ( CO molecule... Particles present in the absence of clouds, oceans and land masses ( )!

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