S. Crogiez-Pétrequin, P. Jaillette, J.-M. Poinsotte (eds. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the Empire; he failed … Theodosius’ name is associated with three important projects. January 31, 438 C.E. Theodosius II, (born April 10, 401, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur. II, ‘Theodosius II, Executor of All the Precepts of Christianity’ in Karlheinz Deschner’s encyclopaedic history of the Church in 10-volumes, Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums, read the abridged translation of Volume I. His sister Pulcheria married Marcian, a domesticus under the influential general Aspar, thereby making him Emperor. The Theodosian Code (in Latin, Codex Theodosianus) was a compilation of Roman Law authorized by Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II in the fifth century. "Theodosius II., emperor". Anatolius negotiated a peace agreement; the Huns withdrew in exchange for humiliating concessions, including an annual tribute of 2,100 Roman pounds (ca. At the request of Nestorius, the emperor called a council, which convened in Ephesus in 431. Hugh Elton, "Imperial politics at the court of Theodosius II," in Andrew Cain (ed). He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code as well for the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. Theodosius II was born on April 10, 401. The Romans strengthened their fortifications and in 424 agreed to pay 350 pounds of gold to encourage the Huns to remain at peace with the Romans. Theodosius died in 450 as the result of a riding accident. He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code, and for the construction of the Theodosian Walls of … His daughter Licinia Eudoxia married the Western Roman emperor Valentinian III (reigned 425–455). Though initially supported by the emperor, Nestorius found a forceful opponent in Archbishop Cyril of Alexandria. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His reign was marked by the promulgation of the Theodosian law code and the construction of the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. Almost twenty years later, the theological dispute broke out again, this time caused by the Constantinopolitan abbot Eutyches, who asserted the Monophysite view that Christ's divine and human nature were one. This, of course, was the position of the Nicene Creed. By 416 the guardianship ended, but his sister remained a strong influence on him. Media related to Theodosius II at Wikimedia Commons. But conditions were about to get even better for the followers of Christianity. Corrections? He stamped out the last vestiges of paganism, put an end to the Arian heresy in the empire, pacified the Goths, left a famous example of penitence for a crime, and reigned as a just and mighty Catholic emperor. Emperor THEODOSIUS II publicly reprimands the Jewish Patriarch GAMALIEL II and strips him of the rank of 'praefectus praetorio'. ]—died July 28, 450), Eastern Roman emperor from 408 to 450. DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVGG, Theodosius I and Valentinianus II, both nimbate, each holding mappa, sitting front, holding together globe, palm branch between, Victory above them with wings over their heads and hands on their shoulders. In Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C. Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century (third ed.). ]—died July 28, 450), Eastern Roman emperor from 408 to 450. Today, the 27th of February, in AD 380, Theodosius proclaimed Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire. Theodosius was born in 401 as the only son of Emperor Arcadius and his Frankish-born wife Aelia Eudoxia. Government was at first administered by the Praetorian Prefect Anthemius, under whose supervision the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople were constructed. As Eudoxia had produced three girls prior to this time, Theodosius' birth was received with considerable excitement, both by his family and by the broader population of Constantinople. Nathan, Geoffrey, "Theodosius II (408–450 A.D.)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theodosius_II&oldid=997181788, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DCBL with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dominus Noster Flavius Theodosius Augustus. Theodosius' decision was the result of his upbringing: he was reared in a Christian home, perhaps the first emperor to … A separation ultimately occurred between the imperial couple around 443, with Eudocia's establishment in Jerusalem where she favoured monastic Monophysitism and Pulcheria reassuming an influential role. Ended: Dec 27, 2020. He was the Eastern Roman Emperor. This should come as no real surprise — it is how human society generally works. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Theodosius I (FLAVIUS THEODOSIUS), Roman Emperor, b. in Spain, about 346; d. at Milan, January 17, 395.Theodosius is one of the sovereigns by universal consent called Great. Emperor Theodosius II, son of Arcadius and Eudoxia, publicly asked forgiveness for the sins of his parents. [3] In 408, his father died and the seven-year-old boy became emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire. 687 kg) of gold. Theodosius II was the emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire during the first half of the fifth century. In response, Theodosius cracked down harder on pagans in the eastern half of the empire. and matters really escalated under the Emperors Theodosius , Arcadius and Theodosius II - there are different versions according to the Christian sources and pagan sources - such as Eunapius 1) - but the short version goes like this : At the Council of Constantinople the 'Holy Spirit' was declared divine (thus sanctioning the trinity). The Theodosian Code (in Latin, Codex Theodosianus) was a compilation of Roman Law authorized by Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II in the fifth century.The code was intended to streamline and organize the complicated body of imperial laws promulgated since the reign of Emperor Constantine in 312 C.E., but it included laws from much further back, as well. The front of the coin depicts Theodosius II (r. 402-450 CE) [all dates CE unless otherwise specified], emperor of the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire, while the rear features a wedding scene. the Roman emperor Theodosius II (408 – 450 c.e.) The eunuch Chrysaphius was executed shortly after by the new imperial couple. Theodosian Code. In 425, Theodosius founded the University of Constantinople with 31 chairs (15 in Latin and 16 in Greek). Early in Theodosius II's reign Romans used internal Hun discord to overcome Uldin's invasion of the Balkans. Editors’ note: To contextualise these excerpts of a 2-page section of Vol. Theodosius I AV Solidus. His father was to become the general Flavius Theodosius; his mother’s name is unknown. Winning bid: US $22.50 [ … His generals defeated Persian (Sāsānian) invaders in 422 and 447, but campaigns against the Vandals, who had occupied most of Roman Africa in 429, ended in failure. Feb 4: CS 2CT 16.2.35: 288: Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II: If a deposed bishop raises trouble or attempts to continue in his position, he must be exiled over 100 miles from his former see. His grandparents, like his parents, were probably already Christians. Like Constantine the Great and several of his successors, he was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles, in a porphyry sarcophagus that was described in the 10th century by Constantine VII in the De Ceremoniis.[12]. Updates? The first, erection of an impregnable wall around Constantinople (413), was actually the work of Anthemius. Theodosius IIwas the emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire during the first half of the fifth century. This plan was left unfinished, but the work of a second commission that met in Constantinople, assigned to collect all of the general legislations and bring them up to date, was completed; their collection was published as the Codex Theodosianus in 438. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was accused of separating Christ's divine and human natures, resulting in "two Christs", a heresy later called Nestorianism. London: John Murray. During a visit to Syria, Theodosius met the monk Nestorius, who was a renowned preacher. In 433 with the rise of Attila and Bleda to unify the Huns, the payment was doubled to 700 pounds. Early in his reign, during a serious illness, Theodosius had accepted Christian baptism. In 438 c.e. Theodosius is perhaps more responsible for the massive spread of Christianity than either St Peter or St Paul, for the simple reason that religions and their denominations benefit from political backing to light the afterburners and tear free from the pack. Theodosius ascended to the throne while he was a baby in 402. The emperor did, however, have a hand in founding the University of Constantinople in 425 and in supervising compilation of the Theodosian Code (published 438), which codified the laws issued after 312. Theodosius’ policy of appeasing the mighty Hun leader Attila did not prevent massive Hun invasions of the Danubian provinces in 441–443 and 447. He is known for the law code Codex Theodosianus produced during his reign and for the erection of the defensive walls for Constantinople known as the Theodosian Wall.. Life. His reign was also troubled by a dispute over the heretical doctrines of Nestorius, whom Theodosius appointed patriarch of Constantinople in 428. 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