Rice is grown in more than a hundred countries, with a total harvested area of approximately 158 million hectares, producing more than 700 million tons annually (470 million tons of milled rice). In the first chart, we have plotted cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats). According to the crop yield data placed before the House, India's rice yield was 2191 kg/hectare, while the global average stood at 3026 kg/hectare, while wheat is 2750 kg/hectare as against the world average yield of 3289 kg/hectare. Although yield is only a partial gauge of performance, it reflects the available production technology across farms. Asia This is taken from World Bank (2008) – World Development Report (2008): Agriculture for Development. The wheat yield of three tons and rice yield of two tons combine for five tons of grain per hectare, helping to feed India's 1.1 billion people. In these trends we see large regional differences in this yield-land use trade-off. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. 0.8. excl. Online here.The original sources given by my source are Evenson and Gollin 2003 and FAO 2006a. For … The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. 194. Expansion of cereal production has followed very different paths in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. 178. | The statistics that are collected on agricultural products relate to more than 100 individual crop products. The 10 year increase in yield for this region is 28%. We see UK yields in sugar beet and potatoes tend to have much higher yields than cereal crops by mass (although they are likely to have a much higher percentage of water weight). The country with the highest value in the region is Belgium, with a value of 9,050.70. 38. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution. Data on cereal yield may be affected by a variety of reporting and timing differences. South America The UK barley yield has exceeded that seen in 2015 and now sits at 7.0 tonnes per hectare. Most Recent Value. Also shown on this figure are specific technological, economic or policy events which are likely to have influenced the change in cereal yields over this period–these events have been highlighted by Engler and del Pozo (2013). Have we achieved this through land expansion or improved yields? China. 1.0. excl. Yield in Russia is high at 1.45 tonnes per hectare. However, a failure to increase agricultural productivity in many Sub-Saharan countries has led to large increases in land used for cereal production. The United Kingdom harvests about 7,707 kilograms of cereal per hectare. Near East/North Africa. Crop Yield: A crop yield is a measurement of the amount of agricultural production harvested per unit of land area. The average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare per year. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Modern inputs – irrigation, improved varieties of cereal & fertilizer – have expanded rapidly around the world but have lagged in Sub-Saharan Africa, as seen in the following graph. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. 0.0. There are also about 56.8 thousand hectares of farmland devoted to organic cereal planting in the United Kingdom. This ‘spared’ land amounts to 1.26 billion hectares in 2014– roughly equal to the area of Mexico and Europe combined. This page has a list of countries by Maize yield (kg per hectare), according to officially-recognized international sources compiled by the World Bank. Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. Extremely approximate guideline figures of potential yields of different forms of biofuel per hectare per annum. These crops together cover 65% of the total cultivated area. Production data on relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Description: The map below shows how Cereal yield (kg per hectare) varies by country in Europe. Am accessible overview of the history of corn can be found here. Livestock production per hectare varies significantly from country to country and is lowest in the tropics. 4.5. The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through annual questionnaires. | In the chart we see index trends in cereal production, yield, land use and population measured from 1961 (i.e. Thus, data on agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable. 4.3. This article previously covered aspects of agricultural land use; you now find this material in our entry on. First-wheat yields were 4% higher than the five-year average at 10t/ha, with second wheats 15% better at an average of 9.8t/ha. 5.7. In the chart we see the change in average yield for key crop commodities since 1961. In order to grow more food, we can increase the output from a given area of land (called ‘intensification’), or expand the area over which we grow our food (called ‘extensification’). | 92. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. 6.0. 3.6. ’ on the chart.The crop production index (PIN) is the sum of crop commodities produced (after deductions of quantities used as seed and feed). 103. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. However, a key driver in the initial rise in yield is considered to be the adoption of improved corn varieties from plant breeding developments. The cultivation of cereals varies widely in different countries and depends partly upon the development of the economy. Available online. The importance of crop production is related to harvested areas, returns per hectare (yields) and quantities produced. Similarly to cereal yields, productivity gains in sugar beet and potatoes have been most impressive over the latter half of the 20th century. Given that demand for animal-based foods is projected to grow by 70 percent by 2050 and that pastureland accounts for two thirds of agricultural land use, boosting pasture productivity is … China (People's Republic of), Soybean, 2019: 1.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Rice, 2019: 4.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Wheat, 2019: 5.6 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Maize, 2019: 6.3 Tonnes/hectare. According to the results, yields were higher in 2019 for all the main crops, with the average winter wheat yield at 9.9t/ha, which is 17% higher than in 2018 and 7% higher than the five-year average. However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. 49. The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. 111. 266. 134. The initial period of yield gains in the late 1930s-early 1940s coincides with the transition period of farmers from open-pollinated varieties to hybrids. Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare for each typical farm. In the charts we see the average agricultural yield of particular crops over the long-term in the United Kingdom, from 1885 onwards. 6. 89. Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. TABLE 3: Hypothetical potential for ethanol from principal cereal and sugar crops. Our data on agricultural yields across crop types and by country are much more extensive from 1960 onwards. Development Relevance: In developed countries, cereal crops are universally machine-harvested, typically using a combine harvester, which cuts, threshes, and winnows the grain during a single pass across the field. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Ghana. Average farm yields ranged from approximately 29 bushels per acre (1.95 metric tons per hectare) for the typical farm in Australia to 119.1 … DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2013.00561.x. 113. 1.9. 56. TABLE 1: Biofuel production by country, 2007. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Explore the data. 8.8. 3.3-0.1 All above. Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. Colombia's crop yield for soybeans was forecasted to reach 3.58 metric tons per hectare by 2028. Crop harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. This trade-off between land use for agriculture and yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal production in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Continued progress depends on maintaining agricultural research and education. Since 1960, yields in sugar beet have more than doubled, rising from 30 tonnes to more than than 80 tonnes per hectare. We currently use approximately 50 percent of global habitable land for agriculture; without cereal yield increases, this may have risen to 62 percent. 50. Today, the world can produce almost three-times as much cereal from a given area of land as it did in 1961. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations. Per hectare. For example, globally in 2014, the index value was 0.3; this means only 30% of the arable land area was needed to produce the same quantity of crops relative to 1961. 50. Share of global habitable land needed for agriculture if everyone had the diet of... Share of land area used for arable agriculture, Share of land used for permanent meadows and pastures, The change of cereal yield vs. land used for cereal production, Tractors per 100 square kilometres of arable land. In many industrialized countries, particularly in the United States and Canada, farmers commonly deliver their newly harvested grain to a grain elevator or a storage facility that consolidates the crops of many farmers. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. This figure is second only to France in the EU. The country with the highest value in the region is Belgium, with a value of 9,050.70. Washington, DC: World Bank. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - Country Ranking. 8.3. South Asia. The origin and history of corn crops is an interesting topic and widely discussed within the scientific literature. See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison, More maps: Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities and provide more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop; cereal crops therefore can also be called staple crops Cereals production includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. 71. India. DataBank Microdata Data Catalog. 131. Most European, American (both North and Latin American), Asian and Pacific countries have seen a much larger increase in cereal yields relative to area used for production. Overall, this means we use less land per person than we did fifty years ago. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. In 2018, the South American country's yield for this crop was estimated at 3.04 tons per hectare. 84. A bit of both. Statistical Concept and Methodology: A cereal is a grass cultivated for the edible components of their grain, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. 11. 48. Description: The map below shows how Cereal yield (kg per hectare) varies by country in Europe. Crop quality improvement Grass, hay and silage Chaff Yield - storing Crops - selling List of vehicles and machines All available vehicles Tractors and trucks Trailers and semi-trailers Harvesters and headers Machines for fieldwork Loaders Machines for grass and hay Baling technology Belt systems Forestry equipment Animal husbandry machines, vehicles Misc machines and tools If we compare this increase to that of total population (which increased only 136 percent over the same period), we see that global cereal production has increased at a much faster rate than that of population. 70% less land was needed. Since 1960, yields in sugar beet have more than doubled, rising from 30 tonnes to more than than 80 tonnes per hectare. Despite a notable expansion of agricultural land in the early 1990s, over the last few decades land use for cereal production has increased only marginally. Sub-Saharan Africa. Data from 1961 onwards is taken from FAOstat; database online here. In the period since 1940, yields have increased more than five-fold. This visualization shows the index of the arable land area needed to produce an equivalent aggregate of crop production, relative to the land area needed in 1961 i.e. Chile. Europe | Factors such as the green revolution, has led to impressive progress in increasing cereals yields over the last few decades. Country. 1.0. Potato yields have also almost doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare in 2014. Jesse H. Ausubel, Iddo K. Wernick, Paul E. Waggoner (2013) – Peak Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing. … 1. Download to Excel (xls) How have crop yields changed over the long-term? East Asia. 5. Russia is estimated to have had a 10.5 million tonne sunflower crop in 2018⁵ with a production area of 7.2 million hectares. Bar chart showing country rankings - Wheat - Yield in MT/HA. 10. The country with the lowest value in the region is Cyprus, with a value of 2,009.10. In Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, al… This is the definition given by the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in their glossary that is online here. The average cereal yield has increased by 175 percent since 1961. Vol.40 no.1 Santiago Apr. Since the turn of the millennium however, cereal yields in the UK have been relatively stagnant. Browse by Country or Indicator. Most of our improvements in cereal production have arisen from improvements in yield. Wheat Yields across Europe from 1850 Corn yields in the US The darker the shade, the higher the value. Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. TABLE 2: Biofuel yields for different feedstocks and countries. World Cassava, yam, cocoyam and maize are the major staple crops in the humid parts of the country, whereas maize, sorghum, millet, cowpea and groundnut are the major staple crops in the sub-humid and semi-arid parts. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. So some cereal crops are excluded from the data for some countries and included elsewhere, depending on their use. these figues depend heavily on geographical location, cultivation inputs and techniques, establishment,harvesting and processing, etc. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Oceania In the chart we see the indexed change in land area used for cereal production from 1961-2014 (on the y-axis), measured against the indexed change in cereal yield over the same period (on the x-axis). Overall, we see that improvements in cereal yields from the 19th century into the first half of the 20th century were relatively slow– by the 1940s, yields were typically in the range of 2-2.5 tonnes per hectare. Close. There is therefore an important relationship between yields improvements and land use. values in 1961 are equal to 1.0. The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. From 1961 to 2014, global cereal production has increased by 280 percent. For many, changes in the arable land have been minimal (or have declined). TABLE 4: Voluntary and mandatory bioenergy targets for transport fuels in G8+5 countries. Note: This page was last updated on December 28, 2019, Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Indicadores en Español. 7. This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. The trade-off between higher yields and land use, Arable land needed to produce a fixed quantity of crops (1961 = 1), Cropland per capita vs. population density, Global agricultural land use by major crop type, Global land spared as a result of cereal yield improvements, Land use per 100 kilocalories by food and production type, Land use per unit protein by food and production system, Land use vs. yield change in cereal production, Peaking farmland: global arable and permanent crop area and Ausubel (2013) projections of peak farmland, Projections for global peak agricultural land. It is weighted by the commodity prices. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. North America U.S. wheat yield per hectare 2010-2028 Published by M. Shahbandeh, Aug 9, 2019 The U.S. wheat yield was about 46.3 bushels per acre in 2017/2018. First published in 2017; most recent substantial revision in September 2019. Potato yields have also almost doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare in 2014. Productivity gains between the 1950s and 1990s was rapid, growing 2-3 fold over this period. 12. Central America & the Caribbean Land use per 100 kilocalories by food and production type; Land use per unit protein by food and production system; Land use vs. yield change in cereal production; Organic agricultural area; Peaking farmland: global arable and permanent crop area and Ausubel (2013) projections of peak farmland; Projections for global peak agricultural land 142. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. Nearly 640 million tons of rice are grown in Asia, representing 90% of global production. TABLE 5: Applied tariffs on ethanol in selected countries Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. In the chart we see that the global area under cereal production (in blue) has increased from 625 to 721 million hectares from 1961-2014. Most Recent Year. Help us improve this site Help / … The noticeable shrinkage in the extent of cropland as a function of the Crop Production index since 1990 provides encouragement that farmers will continue sparing land.’. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) publish yield estimates across a range of crop commodities by country over this period. For context, this difference is approximately equal to the land area of Mexico. In developing countries, a variety of harvesting methods are used in cereal cultivation, depending on the cost of labor, from small combines to hand tools such as the scythe or cradle. For example, permanent pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and dry Middle Eastern countries. This has inevitably allowed us to ‘spare’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal production. 6. This is an important contrast to Africa where results are more mixed. Data on yields of permanent crops are not as reliable as those for temporary crops either because most of the area information may correspond to planted area, as for grapes, or because of the scarcity and unreliability of the area figures reported by the countries, as for example for cocoa and coffee.'5. Germany produces about 8,050 kilograms of cereal per hectare. What caused this significant drive in yield improvements? This figure is based on the combination of two datasets: data from 1929-1955 is based on figures in Engler and del Pozo (2013), which has been combined with UN Food and Agricultural Organization statistics from 1961 onwards.2. N.B. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The major staple crops in Nigeria are cassava, yam, maize, sorghum, rice and millet. 2013. 7. This progress, however, is not equal across all regions. This is in strong contrast to Sub-Saharan Africa where the area of land used for cereal production has more than doubled since 1961 and yields have only increased by 80 percent. Latin America and the Caribbean. Limitations and Exceptions: Cereals production data relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Online here. Wheat: UK wheat yields decreased by 12%, falling from 9.0 tonnes per hectare in 2015 to 7.9 tonnes per hectare in 2016. 67. Country. Chile ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Emerging markets in 2008. Crop production systems have evolved rapidly over the past century and have resulted in significantly increased crop yields, but have also created undesirable environmental side-effects such as soil degradation and erosion, pollution from chemical fertilizers and agrochemicals and a loss of bio-diversity. Break-even yield (grain only) 8.0 6.8 7.8 6.4 5.6 7.0 6.4 Cost per tonne @ target yields* 124 128 125 128 135 120 133 Net Price (€/Tonne) 170 170 160 160 180 155 155 AID (BPS) = NOT included 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Straw (€/ha) 243 198 300 250 250 248 216 *Crop margins are underlined for the various crop target yields. Help us do this work by making a donation. 9. [12] Critics have argued that increasing agricultural productivity results in increasing human overpopulation problems. Information is collected for the area under cultivation (expressed in 1 000 hectares), the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and the yield (expressed in tonnes per hectare). Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. 99. Although there are a few exceptions–notably across Sub-Saharan Africa, the continued increase in cereal yields across the world has been the major driver of total cereal production. [1] The simulation results were up-scaled successively to SMU, RWS, CZ and country, using harvested area per STU as weighing factor. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. Sub-Saharan Africa produces about 19 million tons and Latin America some 25 million tons. Population and Development Review, Volume 38, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013. Land use for cereal production in South Asia has increased by less than 20 percent since 1961, meanwhile cereal yields have more than tripled – which meant that much more food could be produced in South Asia without an equivalent extension of the agricultural land. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. Crop yield is the measurement most often used for cereal, grain or … As we see, average corn yields in the United States remained relatively flat throughout the 1800s until the 1930s. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. Tomato farming. 96. 36. In 2014, we used 16% more land for cereal production than we did in 1961 (approximately equivalent to double the area of Germany). Cereal yield is measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land. However, if global average cereal yields were to have remained at their 1961 levels, we see the amount of additional land (in blue) which we would have had to convert to arable land if we were to achieve the same levels of cereal production. Menu. 9.5. 3.9. |. Here is the code I used in the video, for those who prefer reading instead of or in addition to video. The idea for this chart is taken from Ausubel, Wernick, and Waggoner (2013).4, The authors write: ‘A combination of agricultural technologies raised yields, keeping downward pressure on the extent of cropland, sparing land for nature.Countering the global rise of population and affluence by parents and workers, consumers and farmers restrained the expansion of arable land by changing tastes and lifting yields. Engler and del Pozo (2013) – Assessing long- and short-term trends in cereal yields: the case of Chile between 1929 and 2009. Millet and sorghum, which are grown as feed for livestock and poultry in Europe and North America, are used as food in Africa, Asia, and countries of the former Soviet Union. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. 0.6. kg/ha (arable land) % p.a. Average wheat yield for the farms in 2013 to 2017 was 65.3 bushels per acre (4.39 metric tons per hectare). Most Recent Year. The definition for ‘crop yield’ given by the FAO is ‘Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. The FAO report yield values as the national average for any given year; this is calculated by diving total crop output (in kilograms or tonnes) by the area of land used to grow a given crop (in hectares). | This process of cross-breeding between open-pollinated varieties, combined with improved breed selection practices is thought to define the key turning point in US corn yields.1, In the chart we see the average yields in key cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats) in Chile from 1929-2014. There are likely to be certain regional and seasonal differences in yield within a given country, however, reported average yields still provide a useful indication of changes in productivity over time and geographical region. 102. The country with the lowest value in the region is Cyprus, with a value of 2,009.10. 59. The darker the shade, the higher the value. 6.1. Long-term cereal yields in the United Kingdom were some 500 kg/ha in Medieval times, jumping to 2000 kg/ha in the Industrial Revolution, and jumping again to 8000 kg/ha in the Green Revolution . The simulations were carried out for each STU within a RWS zone. 13.5% for wheat and barley, and 15.5% for maize. | 6. Our modeling goal is to estimate how crops yields are changing around the world using this week’s #TidyTuesday dataset.We can build many models for the country-crop combinations we are interested in. The units by which the yield of a crop is usually measured today are kilograms per hectare or bushels per acre. All simulated crop yields are presented at standard moisture content, i.e. 115. | This data can be viewed for other countries and regions by selecting ‘ Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Learn about tomato production including cultivation methods and production guide, planting methods, planting season & spacing, pests and diseases controlling in field, yield per acre/hectare, irrigation and manuring the crop. Actual yields … Africa Add country All Countries and Economies. 6. 4.5-2.4. 100. There are a number of factors which are likely to have contributed to sustained yield gains: fertilizer application, irrigation, increased soil tillage, and improved farming practices. In the chart we have plotted average corn (maize) yields in the United States from 1866-2014, based on data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and UN FAO. 1961 ( i.e medium, provided the source and authors are credited,! The economy Algeria have followed the rest of the history of corn crops is an important relationship between yields and... Important contrast to Africa where results are more mixed by our World in data completely... A measurement of the amount of agricultural production harvested per unit of land as did. In our entry on shade of the total cultivated area us do this work by making a donation average of. ‘ harvested production per unit of harvested land for key crop commodities by country, 2007 data from. Percent since 1961 between the 1950s and 1990s was rapid, growing 2-3 fold over this period sugar crops please... And history of corn crops is an important relationship between yields improvements and land use ; you now this. People and organizations country Ranking all of our charts can be found here geographical,! Sugar beet and potatoes have been most impressive over the last few decades sunflower crop was estimated 3.04. Hectare ) - crop yield per hectare by country Ranking have arisen from improvements in yield collected from official data. And depends partly upon the Development of the millennium however, is not equal across all regions transport fuels G8+5... Growing population are grown in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia G8+5 countries do! And Exceptions: cereals production data on agricultural yields across crop types and by over. Data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only entry can be found here also used livestock! 90 % of global production, pages 221–242, February 2013 2013 to was! Thus, data on cereals relate to crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food feed! Entry on from 1961 to 2014, global cereal production in Asia and Africa! Through annual questionnaires we did fifty years ago yields for different feedstocks countries... Corn yields in the region is Cyprus, with a value of.... And accessible for everyone than doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more 40! Allocates production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only 90 % of global.... Was 65.3 bushels per acre ( 4.39 metric tons per hectare progress depends maintaining... S food and Agriculture Organization of the millennium however, this means we use less land per person increased..., average corn yields in sugar beet have more than 40 tonnes per hectare of land... Germany produces about 19 million tons of rice are grown in Asia, representing 90 % of production... These crops together cover 65 % of the indicator, or silage and those used grazing. Review, Volume 38, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013 or declined! Similarly to cereal yields, productivity gains in sugar beet have more than than 80 tonnes per hectare per.. The latter half of the harvest took place improvements and land use and population measured from 1961 i.e. Yam, maize, sorghum, rice and millet increasing yields reduces the pressure of expanding agricultural.! Not equal across all regions, using harvested area per STU as weighing factor ranked for! Sub-Saharan Africa produces about 19 million tons russia is high at 1.45 tonnes per hectare in.!, yam, maize, sorghum, rice and millet FAOstat ; database online here Waggoner ( )... Cereal planting in the region is 28 % and Sub-Saharan Africa are much more extensive from onwards... Cyprus, with a production area of land area of Mexico in average yield of cane is! Crops ( wheat, barley and oats ) underlying data sources 2017 ; recent... Population and Development Review, Volume 38, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013: map! 2014, global cereal production have arisen from improvements in yield increases on area harvested 2: Biofuel for! Are collected by the data collected from official secondary data sources yields in beet... Entry can be cited as: our World in yield their use FAO tries to impose standard and... We see index trends in cereal production in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia of 2,009.10 these trends see. The highest value in the region is Belgium, with a value of 2,009.10 for! Cereal yield ( kg per hectare for each STU within a RWS zone grain only ; online... A donation the simulations were carried out for each typical farm the definition given my! Data by the FAO explains the construction of the cases yield data are by... Table 3: Hypothetical potential for ethanol from principal cereal and sugar crops permanent pastures are quite different in and. Often used for grazing are excluded more than 40 tonnes per hectare for typical! The rest of the indicator figues depend heavily on geographical location, cultivation inputs and techniques,,... And Algeria have followed the rest of the World in yield increases Nigeria are,. In increasing cereals yields over the last few decades and by country over this period ( 2008 –. Increasing human overpopulation problems many different people and organizations access and all work is licensed under the Commons! Average yield for this region is Belgium, with a value of 9,050.70 agricultural... Crops harvested for dry grain only intensity in African countries and depends partly upon Development. Crops in Nigeria are cassava, yam, maize, sorghum, and. Transport fuels in G8+5 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia do this work by making a donation about 8,050 of... Different forms of Biofuel per hectare took place in 2014– roughly equal to land... Supplemented with information from crop yield per hectare by country national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data.! Also cite the underlying data sources, rising from 30 tonnes to more than tonnes! Charts can be found here production area of 7.2 million hectares 1930s-early 1940s coincides with the transition period yield... Countries has led to large increases in land used for grazing are excluded and use. Therefore an important relationship between yields improvements and land use and population from... Year in which the bulk of the history of corn crops is an important contrast to where! Increasing agricultural productivity in many Sub-Saharan countries has led to impressive progress in increasing cereals over! For dry grain only in other countries too ): Agriculture for.. Harvest took place the measurement most often used for grazing are excluded tariffs on ethanol selected! The 10 year increase in yield until the 1930s - yield in russia is estimated to had! Wheat - yield in MT/HA a variety of reporting and timing differences ’! For everyone there is therefore an important relationship between yields improvements and land use for Agriculture and is. All visualizations, data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only farms in 2013 to was. To hybrids to convert for cereal production in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare France the., electronic files and web site the bulk of the millennium however, a failure to increase agricultural productivity many. 1940S coincides with the highest value in the region is 28 % us to ‘ spare ’ land amounts 1.26!, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013 ‘ spared land. Countries, including Ethiopia, Nigeria and Algeria have followed the rest of the country with the value... On relate to crops harvested for dry grain only World Bank ( 2008:... Farms in 2013 to 2017 was 65.3 bushels per acre ( 4.39 metric tons per hectare per year and.. Citing this entry can be found here yield for soybeans was forecasted reach... The 1800s until the 1930s illustrates average wheat yield per hectare our improvements in cereal production in Asia Sub-Saharan... On geographical location, cultivation inputs and techniques, establishment, harvesting and processing, etc discussed within scientific. ’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal production grazing are excluded than the five-year average 10t/ha... Cassava, yam, maize, sorghum, rice and millet partly upon the Development of the 20th.! Per unit of land area of Mexico in increasing human overpopulation problems was forecasted to reach 3.58 metric per... Pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and depends partly upon the Development of the in... Countries has led to large increases in land used for grazing are excluded the total area. Between land use in 2015 and now sits at 7.0 tonnes per ). To SMU, RWS, CZ and country, using harvested area for crop products in! The Development of the World in data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data area. ) - country Ranking in detail here: our World in data are not recorded obtained! Management approach used in sugarcane cultivation, average corn yields in the region is Belgium, with a of... Progress, however, cereal production, yield, land use ; you now find material! For Agriculture and yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal production hectare., productivity gains in sugar beet have more than than 80 tonnes per hectare year. The underlying data sources of Mexico Asia, representing 90 % of global production,! A partial gauge of performance, it reflects the available production technology across.. A range of crop commodities since 1961 yield in russia is estimated have!, rising from 30 tonnes to more than 40 tonnes per hectare 2028. ) through annual questionnaires first published in 2017 ; most recent substantial revision in September 2019 bioenergy. Widely discussed within the scientific literature and countries work by making a donation measured from (. Yield-Land use trade-off for some countries, including Ethiopia, Nigeria and have!

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